Scanning the Headlines: Racial and Ethnic Disparities (Archive) July 2008-2011
Updated on July 15, 2014
Links to full-text articles are provided where available.
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Preidt, R. Younger Americans face greater health disparities: study. Medline Plus. Dec. 1, 2011. http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_119265.html
Adanga, E., and others. An environmental scan of faculty diversity programs at U.S. medical schools. Academic Medicine;87(11):1540-1547, Nov. 2011.
Bailey, J.A., and Wilkes-Jacobo, L.J. Are disadvantaged and underrepresented minority applicants more likely to apply to the program in medical education-health equity? Academic Medicine;87(11):1535-1539, Nov. 2011.
Deas, D., and others. Improving diversity through strategic planning: a 10-year (2002-2012) experience at the Medical University of South Carolina. Academic Medicine;87(11):1548-1555, Nov. 2011.
DeLisa, J.A., and Lindenthal, J.J. Reflections on diversity and inclusion in medical education. Academic Medicine;87(11):1461-1463, Nov. 2011.
Johnson, J., and Bozeman, B. Adopting an asset bundles model to support and advance minority students’ careers in academic medicine and the scientific pipeline. Academic Medicine;87(11):1488-1495, Nov. 2011.
Myers, S.L., and Fealing, K.H. Changes in the representation of women and minorities in biomedical careers. Academic Medicine;87(11):1525-1529, Nov. 2011.
Nivet, M.A. Diversity and inclusion in the 21st century: bridging the moral and excellence imperatives. Academic Medicine;87(11):1458-1460, Nov. 2011.
Niu, N.N., and others. The impact of cross-cultural interactions on medical students’ preparedness to care for diverse patients. Academic Medicine;87(11):1530-1534, Nov. 2011.
Schrewe, B., and Frost, H. Finding potential in balance: navigating the competing discourses of diversity and standardization. Academic Medicine;87(11):1479, Nov. 2011.
Smith, D.G. Building institutional capacity for diversity and inclusion in academic medicine. Academic Medicine;87(11):1511-1515, Nov. 2011.
Thew, D., and others. The Deaf Strong Hospital program: a model of diversity and inclusion training for first-year medical students. Academic Medicine;87(11):1496-1500, Nov. 2011.
Toney, M. The long, winding road: one university’s quest for minority health care professionals and services. Academic Medicine;87(11):1556-1561, Nov. 2011.
Tull, R.G., and others. PROMISE: Maryland’s Alliance for Graduate Education and the Professoriate enhances recruitment and retention of underrepresented minority graduate students. Academic Medicine;87(11):1562-1569, Nov. 2011.
Westring, A.F., and others. A culture conducive to women’s academic success: development of a measure. Academic Medicine;87(11):1622-1631, Nov. 2011.
Young, M.E., and others. Calling for a broader conceptualization of diversity: surface and deep diversity at Canadian medical schools. Academic Medicine;87(11):1501-1510, Nov. 2011.
Schor, E., and others. Ensuring Equity: A Post-Reform Framework to Achieve High Performance Health Care for Vulnerable Populations. New York: Commonwealth Fund, Oct. 7, 2011. http://www.commonwealthfund.org/Publications/Fund-Reports/2011/Oct/Ensuring-Equity.aspx
Health policy brief: Achieving equity in health. Health Affairs. Oct. 6, 2011. http://healthaffairs.org/healthpolicybriefs/brief_pdfs/healthpolicybrief_53.pdf
Lopez, L., and others. Bridging the digital divide in health care: the role of health information technology and the collection of race, ethnicity, and language data to reduce disparities in quality of care. The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety;37(10):437-445, Oct. 2011.
Page, K.R., Castillo-Page, L, and Wright, S.M. Faculty diversity programs in U.S. medical schools and characteristics associated with higher faculty diversity. Academic Medicine;86(10):1221-1228, Oct. 2011.
Harris, G.L.A. Reducing healthcare disparities in the military through cultural competence. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration;34(2):145-181, Fall 2011.
Tocknell, M. Trauma survival study reveals racial disparities. HealthLeaders Media. Sept. 20, 2011. http://www.healthleadersmedia.com/content/COM-271127/Trauma-Survival-Study-Reveals-Racial-Disparities
Greene, J. Quality Care for All. Trustee. July 7, 2011. http://www.trusteemag.com/trusteemag_app/jsp/articledisplay.jsp?dcrpath=TRUSTEEMAG/Article/data/07JUL2011/1107TRU_COVERSTORY&domain=TRUSTEEMAG
Hanlon, C., and Hinkle, L. Assessing the Costs of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities: State Experience. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. June 24, 2011. http://www.nashp.org/sites/default/files/costs.ethnic.racial.disparities.pdf
Hanlon, C., and Hinkle, L. Assessing the Costs of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities: State Experience. Washington: National Academy for State Health Policy, June 2011. http://www.nashp.org/publication/assessing-costs-racial-and-ethnic-health-disparities-state-experience
Building a Culturally Competent Organization: The Quest for Equity in Health Care. Chicago: Health Research and Educational Trust, June 2011.
The door to door approach to disparities. Hospitals & Health Networks. Feb. 16, 2011. http://www.hhnmag.com/hhnmag_app/jsp/articledisplay.jsp?dcrpath=HHNMAG/Article/data/12DEC2010/1210HHN_Coverstory&domain=HHNMAGhttp://hhndailynews.blogspot.com/2011/02/door-to-door-approach-to-disparities_16.html
2010 National Healthcare Disparities Report. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Feb. 2011. http://www.ahrq.gov/qual/nhdr10/nhdr10.pdf
Evidence-based care gaps pervasive researchers say. HealthLeaders Media. Jan. 28, 2011. http://www.healthleadersmedia.com/content/TEC-261894/EvidenceBased-Care-Gaps-Pervasive-Researchers-Say
CDC Health Disparities and Inequalities Report - United States, 2011. Washington: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Jan. 14, 2011. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/other/su6001.pdf
America’s Wire Releases New Article on Growing Trend of Hospital Closures in Minority Communities Across the Country. Washington, DC: PR Newswire. Jan. 5, 2011. http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/americas-wire-releases-new-article-on-growing-trend-of-hospital-closures-in-minority-communities-across-the-country-112944644.html
Anderson, K. State and Local Policy Initiatives to Reduce Health Disparities. Washington, DC: National Academies Press, 2011. (W 84 AA1 I59s 2011).
Top 50 Companies for Diversity. The DiversityInc., 2011. http://www.diversityinc.com/pages/DI_50_2011.shtml?id=7617/
Healthcare Equality Index 2011. Creating a National Standard for Equal Treatment of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Patients and Their Families. Washington: Human Rights Campaign Foundation, 2011. http://www.hrc.org/documents/Healthcare_Equality_Index_2011.pdf
Cancer statistics, 2011. The impact of eliminating socioeconomic and racial disparities on premature cancer deaths. California Cancer Journal Clinic. 61:212-236, 2011. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.3322/caac.20121/pdf
Scott, L. It’s all about the outcomes. Hospital & Health Networks. Dec. 12, 2010. http://www.hhnmag.com/hhnmag_app/jsp/articledisplay.jsp?dcrpath=HHNMAG/Article/data/12DEC2010/1210HHN_Coverstory&domain=HHNMAG
Ly, D., and others. How Do Black-Serving Hospitals Perform on Patient Safety Indicators?: Implications for National Public Reporting and Pay-for-Performance. Medical Care. 48(12):1133-1137, Dec. 2010. http://journals.lww.com/lww-medicalcare/pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2010&issue=12000&article=00014&type=abstract
Mullins, C.D., Onukwugha, E., Cooke, J.L., and others. The potential impact of comparative effectiveness research on the health of minority populations. Health Affairs;29(11):2098-2104, Nov. 2010.
D’Anna, L.H., Stevens, G.D., Malotte, C.K., and others. Does health care setting matter in reports of discrimination? Journal of Ambulatory Care Management;33(4):314-327, Oct.-Dec. 2010.
Commins, J. ED interpreters improve physician, patient satisfaction. HealthLeaders Media, Aug. 2, 2010.
Ransford, H.E., Carrillo, F.R., and Rivera, Y. Health care-seeking among Latino immigrants: blocked access, use of traditional medicine, and the role of religion. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 21(3):862-878, Aug. 2010.
Du, X.L., and Liu, C.C. Racial/ethnic disparities in socioeconomic status, diagnosis, treatment and survival among Medicare-insured men and women with head and neck cancer. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 21(3):913-930, Aug. 2010.
Erwin, P.C., and others. Health disparities in rural areas: the interaction of race, socioeconomic status, and geography. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 21(3):931-945, Aug. 2010.
Pisu, M., and others. Presence of medical schools may contribute to reducing breast cancer mortality and disparities. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. 21(3):961-976, Aug. 2010.
Pourat, N., and Finocchio, L. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Dental Care for Publicly Insured Children. Health Affairs. July 2010.
Levinson, D. Guidance and Standards on Language Access Services: Medicare Providers. Washington: Department of Health & Human Services. July 2010.
Harris, G.L.A. Cultural competence: its promise for reducing healthcare disparities. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration. 33(1):1-52, Summer 2010.
Some hospitals falling short of protecting for gay rights. HealthLeaders Media. June 8, 2010.
Frankel B. The DiversityInc Top 5 Hospital Systems. DiversityInc, Jun 3, 2010. http://www.diversityinc.com/article/7728/The-DiversityInc-Top-5-Hospital-Systems/
Healthcare Equality Index 2010. Human Rights Campaign, June 2010.
What’s in a Name? Untangling Health Disparities the Social Determinants of Health, and Health Equity. Washington: Grant Makers Health, Mar. 22, 2010.
Where Do We Go From Here? Combating Health Care Disparities in an Era of Reform Issue Brief No 36. Washington: Grant Makers Health, Mar. 2010.
Carmichael, M. The great divide. Newsweek Web Exclusive. Feb. 15, 2010.
Hicks, L., and others. Impact of health disparities collaborative on racial / ethnic and insurance disparities in US community health centers. Archives of Internal Medicine. 170 (3) Feb. 8, 2010.
Reschovsky, J., and Boukus, E. Modest and Uneven Physician Efforts to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Disparities No 130. Washington: Center for Studying Health System Change. Feb. 2010.
Sullivan, L.W., and Mittman, I.S. The state of diversity in the health professions a century after Flexner. Academic Medicine. 85(2):246-253, Feb. 2010.
Reschovsky, J., and Boukus, E. Modest and Uneven: Physician Efforts to Reduce Racial Disparities. Washington: Center for Studying Health System Change. Feb. 2010.
Douza, K., Steege, A., and Baron, S. Surveillance of occupational health disparities: challenges and opportunities. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 53:84-94, 2010. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ajim.20777/pdf
Advancing Effective Communication, Cultural Competence, and Patient- and Family-Centered Care: A Roadmap for Hospitals. Washington: Joint Commission, 2010.
Bagchi, A., and others. Examining effectiveness of medical interpreters in emergency departments for Spanish-Speaking patients with limited English proficiency: results of a randomized controlled trial. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 20(10):1-13, 2010.
Rahlan, J. How to close the LGBT health disparities gap. Washington: Center for American Progress. Dec. 21, 2009.
Gray, B., and others. Racial and Ethnic Disparities in the Use of High-Volume Hospitals. New York: Commonwalth Fund. Nov. 16, 2009.
Facts on Health Reform. Menlo Park, CA: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Nov. 2009.
National Committee for Quality Assurance and Lilly USA, LLC. Multicultural Health Care: A Quality Improvement Guide. Web site launch, Sept. 24, 2009.
Waldman T. Estimating the costs of racial and ethnic health disparities. Washington, DC: Urban Institute, Sept. 22, 2009.
Simmons, J. IOM panel calls for more precise definitions on ethnicity, language. HealthLeaders Media. Sept. 3, 2009.
James, C., Schwartz, K., and Berndt, J. A Profile of American Indians and Alaska Natives and Their Health Coverage. Menlo Park, CA: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Sept. 2009.
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Disparities in Health Care Quality Among Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups: Findings from the National Healthcare Quality and Disparities Report, 2008. Sept. 2009.
Waidmann, T. Estimating the Cost of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. Washington: Urban Institute, Sept. 2009.
The Economic Burden of Health Inequalities in the United States. Washington: Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, Sept. 2009.
Semansky, R., and others. Capacity for delivering culturally competent mental health services in New Mexico: results of a statewide agency survey. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research. 36(5):289-307, Sept. 2009.
Goldstein, E., and others. Racial/ethnic differences in patients' perceptions of inpatient care using the HCAHPS survey. Sage Journals Online. Aug. 3, 2009.
Higgins, P., Au, M., and Taylor, E. Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care: Partnerships Between Employers and Health Plans. Princeton, NJ: Mathematic Policy Research, Inc., July 2009.
Halle, M., Lewis, C., and Seshamani, M. Health Disparities: A Case for Closing the Gap. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, June 12, 2009.
Putting Women's Health Care Disparities on the Map: Examining Racial and Ethnic Disparities at the State Level. Menlo Park, CA: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, June 2009.
Siegel, B., and others. Measuring equity: an index of health care disparities. Quality Management in Health Care. 18(2):84-90, Apr./June 2009.
Trends in Child Health 1997-2006: Assessing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Unmet Dental Care Needs. Washington: Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, May 2009.
Healthcare Equality Index 2009. Washington, DC: Human Rights Campaign Foundation and Gay and Lesbian Medical Association, May 2009.
Wier, L., Merrill, C., and Elixhauser, A. Hospital stays among people living in the poorest communities, 2006. Statistical Brief. (73):1-12, May 2009.
Long, S., and Masi, P. Access and Affordability of Care in Massachusetts as of Fall 2008: Georgria and Racial/Ethnic Differences. Boston: Blue Cross Blue Sheid of Massachusetts Foundation, May 2009.
McWilliams, J., and others. Differences in Control Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes by Race, Ethnicity, and Education: U.S. Trends from 1999 to 2006 and Effects of Medicare Coverage. Annals of Internal Medicine. 150(8):505-515, Apr. 21, 2009.
Improving the Lives of African Americans and Other Communities fo Color Expanding Their Participation in the Areas of Politics and Public Policy. Washington: Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, Apr. 21, 2009.
Gavin, H., and others. Data collection and reporting for healthcare disparities. Journal of AHIMA. 80(4):40-43, Apr. 2009.
Redmond, M., Galea, S., and Delva, J. Examining racial/ethnic minority treatment experiences with specialty behavioral health service providers. Community Mental Health Journal. 45(2):85-96, Apr. 2009.
Trends in Child Health 1997-2006: Assessing Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Asthma. Washington: Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, Apr. 2009.
Weeks, W., Wallace, T., and Wallace, A. How do race and sex affect the earnings of primary care physicians? Health Affairs. 28(2):557-566, Mar./Apr. 2009.
Today's Topics in Health Disparities: The Effect of the Economic Downturn on the Health of Communities of Color. Menlo Park, CA: Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, Mar. 25, 2009.
Peterson, E., and Yancy, C. Eliminating racial and ethnic disparities in cardiac care. New England Journal of Medicine. 360(12):1172-1174, Mar. 19, 2009.
Sarrazin, M., Campbell, M., and Rosenthal, G. Racial differences in hospital use after acute myocardial infarction: does residential segregation play a role? Health Affairs. 28(2):w368-378, Mar. 3, 2009.
Larson, L. Do you speak the language? Trustee. 62(3):20-23, Mar. 2009.
Fiedler, S. National Quality Forum Endorses Guidelines to Reduce Disparities in Healthcare and Make Care Patient-Centered and Culturally Appropriate. Washington: National Quality Forum, Feb. 23, 2009.
Feyssa, E., and others. Racial/ethnic disparity in kidney transplantation outcomes: influence of donor and recipient characteristics. Journal of the National Medical Association. 101(2):111-115, Feb. 2009.
Dogra, N., and others. The relationship between drivers and policy in the implementation of cultural competency training in health care. Journal of the National Medical Association. 101(2):127-133, Feb. 2009.
Logan, J. Disparities in influenza immunization among US adults. Journal of the National Medical Association. 101(2):161-, Feb. 2009.
Minnesota Medical Groups Bridge Disparities Gap. Manasquan, NJ: Managed Care Information Center, Jan. 27, 2009.
Gilden, A., and others. Disparities by ethnicity and socioeconomic status in the use of weight loss treatments. Journal of the National Medical Association. 101(1):62-70, Jan. 2009.
The Joint Commission 2009 Requirements that Support Effective Communication, Cultural Competence, and Patient-Centered Care Hospital Accreditation Program (HAP). Oakbrook Terrace, IL: Joint Commission, 2009.
Wizemann, T., and Anderson, K. Focusing on Children's Health: Community Approaches to Addressing Health Disparities: Workshop Summary. Washington: The National Academies Press, 2009.
Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies. The Economic Burden of Health Inequalities in the United States, 2009.
Toward Health Equity and Patient-Centeredness. Washington: The National Academies Press, 2009. (W 85 I59t 2009).
Improving Quality and Achieving Equity: A Guide for Hospital Leaders. Boston, MA: Massachusetts General Hospital, 2009.
Purnell, L. Guide to Culturally Competent Health Care. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company, 2009. (W 84 AA1 P985g 2009).
Braithwaite, R., Taylor, S., and Treadwell, H., editors. Health Issues in the Black Community. 3rd ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2009. (WA 300 H4344 2009).
Key Health and Health Care Indicators by Race/Ethnicity and State. Menlo Park, CA: The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2009.
National Healthcare Disparities Report. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, 2009.
Lillie-Blanton, M., Maleque, S., and Miller, W. Reducing racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in health care: opportunities in national health reform. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics. 36(4):693-702, Winter 2008.
Today's Topics in Health Disparities - Are Health Disparities Back on the National Agenda? Examining the Impact of a New Administration and Congress. [Webcast] Washington: Kaiser Family Foundation, Dec. 9, 2008.
Fisher, E., Goodman, D., Chandra, A. Regional and Racial Variation in Health Care Among Medicare Beneficiaries. Princeton, NJ: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Dec. 1, 2008.
Meyers, K. Beyond equal care: how health systems can impact racial and ethnic health disparities. The Permanente Journal. 12(1):1-6, Winter 2008.
Cobaugh, D., and others. Effect of racial differences on ability to afford prescription medications. American Journal of Health-System Pharmacy. 65(22):2137-2143, Nov. 15, 2008.
Saha, S., Beach, M., and Cooper, L. Patient centeredness, cultural competence and healthcare quality. Journal of the National Medical Association. 100(11):1275-1285, Nov. 2008.
Dunston, F., and others. Making a business case for small medical practices to maintain quality while addressing racial healthcare disparities. Journal of the National Medical Association. 100(11):1318-1325, Nov. 2008.
Marmot, M., and others. Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on social determinants of health. The Lancet. 372(9650):1661-1669, Nov. 2008.
MEPS Statistical Brief #224: Differences in Access to Care for Non-Hispanic Asian and Non-Hispanic White Children, 2002-2005. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Oct. 17, 2008.
Racial disparities in cancer care. Trustee. 61(9):4-5, Oct. 2008.
Elliott, M., and others. A new method for estimating race/ethnicity and associated disparities where administrative records lack self-reported race/ethnicity. Health Services Research. 43(5):Part I:1722-1736, Oct. 2008.
Patient-tailored medicine, part one: the impact of race and genetics on medicine. Journal of Health and Life Sciences Law. 2(1):1-3, Oct. 2008.
Ravenell, J., Whitaker, E., and Johnson, Jr., W. According to him: barriers to healthcare among African-American men. Journal of the National Medical Association. 100(10):1153-1160, Oct. 2008.
Haider, A., and others. Race and insurance status as risk factors for trauma mortality. Achives of Surgery. 143(10):945-949, Oct. 2008.
Hibbard, J., and others. Racial/ethnic disparities and consumer activation in health. Health Affairs. 27(5):1442-1453, Sept./Oct. 2008.
Conwell, L., Neuman, M., and Gold, M. State Efforts to Address the Healthy People 2010 Goal to Eliminate Health Disparities: Two Case Studies. Washington: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., Sept. 29, 2008.
Cook, B., McGuire, T., and Zuvekas, S. Measuring trends in racial/ethnic health care disparities. Sage Journals Online. Sept. 16, 2008.
Niederdeppe, J., and others. Message design strategies to raise public awareness of social determinants of health and population health disparities. Milbank Quarterly. 86(3):481-513, Sept. 2008.
Assuring Healthcare Equity: A Healthcare Equity Blueprint. Washington: National Public Health and Hospital Institute, Sept. 2008.
Perry, S. Health Coverage in Communities of Color: Talking About the New Census Numbers. Washington: Families USA, Sept. 2008.
Fairlie, R., and London, R. Race, Ethnicity and the Dynamics of Health Insurance Coverage. Discussion Paper No. 3708. Bonn, Germany: The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA), Sept. 2008.
Tian, D. An Unequal Burden: The True Cost of High-Deductible Health Plans for Communities of Color. Washington: Families USA, Sept. 2008.
Aligning Forces for Quality. Dartmouth Atlas of Health Care. Sept. 2008.
Livington, G., Minushkin, S., and Cohn, D. Hispanics and Health Care in the United States: Access, Information and Knowledge. Washington: Pew Hispanic Center, Aug. 13, 2008.
Flowers, L. Improving Access to Care Among Medicare Beneficiaries With Limited Proficiency: Can Medicare Do More? Washington: AARP Public Policy Institute, Aug. 2008.
Closing the Disparities Gap in Healthcare Quality With Performance Measurment and Public Reporting. Washington: National Quality Forum. Issue Brief. No. 10, Aug. 2008.
Hawley, S., and others. Racial/ethnic disparities in knowledge about risks and benefits of breast cancer treatment: does it matter where you go? Health Services Research. 43(4):1366-1387, Aug. 2008.
Kressin, N., Raymond, K., and Manze, M. Perceptions of race/ethnicity-based discrimination: a review of measures and evaluation of their usefulness for the health care setting. Journal of Health Care forthe Poor and Underserved. 19(3):697-730, Aug. 2008.
Thompson, B. The importance of analyzing health disparities among ethnic and racial groups. Health Progress. 89(4):6-8, July/Aug. 2008.
LaVeist, T., and others. The COA360: a tool for assessing the cultural competency of healthcare organizations. Journal of Healthcare Management. 53(4):257-267, July/Aug. 2008.
Brennan, T., and others. Do managed care plans' tiered networks lead to inequities in care for minority patients? Health Affairs. 27(4):1160-1166, July/Aug. 2008.
Clauser, S., and others. Disparities in HRQOL of cancer survivors and non-cancer managed care enrollees. Health Care Financing Review. 29(4):23-40, Summer 2008.
Cosby, A., and Bowser, D. The health of the Delta Region: a story of increasing disparities. Journal of Health and Human Services Administration. 31(1):58-71, Summer 2008.
Sabatino, S., and others. Disparities in mammography use among US women aged 40-64 years, by race, ethnicity, income, and health insurance status, 1993 and 2005. Medical Care. 46(7):692-700, July 2008.
Chiu, Y., and others. Examining geographic and temporal variations of AIDS mortality: evidence of racial disparities. Journal of the National Medical Association. 100(7):788-796, July 2008.
Vainshtein, J. Disparities in breast cancer incidence across racial/ethnic strata and socioeconomic status: a systematic review. Journal of the National Medical Association. 100(7):833-839, July 2008.