Surgical Care and OR

AHA Team Training Research and Evidence Base

This is a list of resources for surgical care and OR. Return to the main list to explore other topic areas.


Allen, R.W., Taaffe, K.M., Neilley, V., & Busby, E. (2019). First case on-time starts measured by incision on-time and no grace period: A case study of operating room management. Journal of Healthcare Management 64(2), 111-121.

Awad, S., Fagan, S., Bellows, C., et al. (2005). Bridging the communication gap in the operating room with medical team training. American Journal of Surgery 190(5), 770-4.

Bleakley, A., Allard, J., & Hobbs, A. (2013). 'Achieving ensemble': communication in orthopaedic surgical teams and the development of situation awareness-an observational study using live videotaped examples. Advances in Health Sciences Education 18(1), 33-56.

Bognàr, A., Barach, P., Johnson, J. K., et al. (2008). Errors and the burden of errors: attitudes, perceptions, and the culture of safety in pediatric cardiac surgical teams. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 85(4), 1374-81.

Dedy, N. J., Zevin, B., Bonrath, E. M., Grantcharov, T. P. (2013). Current concepts of team training in surgical residency: A survey of North American program directors. Journal of Surgical Education 70(5), 578-84.

Greenberg, C. C., Regenbogen, S. E., Studdert, D. M., et al. (2007). Patterns of communication breakdowns resulting in injury to surgical patients. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 204(4), 533-40.

Guerlain, S., Adamns, R., Turrentine, F., et al. (2005). Assessing team performance in the operating room: Development and use of a “black-box” recorder and other tools for the intraoperative environment. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 200(1), 29-37.

Healey, A., Undre, S., & Vincent, C. (2004). Developing observational measures of performance in surgical teams. Quality and Safety in Health Care 13, 133-40.

Healey, A., Undre, S., & Vincent, C. (2006). Defining the technical skills of teamwork in surgery. Quality and Safety in Health Care 15, 231-4.

Healey, G. B., Barker, J., & Madonna, G. (2006). Error reduction through team leadership: The surgeon as leader. Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons 91(11), 26-9.

Helmreich, R. L., Schaefer. H. G. (1994). Team performance in the operating room. In M. S. Bogner (Ed.) Human Error in Healthcare (pp 225-253). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Hoang, T. N., Kang, J., et al. (2013). Filling in the gaps of predeployment fleet surgical team training using a team-centered approach. Journal of Special Operations Medicine 13(4), 22-33.

Lingard, L., Espin, S., Whyte, S., et al. (2004). Communication failures in the operating room: An observational classification of recurrent types and effects. Quality and Safety in Health Care 13(5), 330-4.

Lingard L, Regehr G, Orser B, et al. (2008). Evaluation of a preoperative checklist and team briefing among surgeons, nurses, and anesthesiologists to reduce failures in communication. Archives of Surgery 143(1), 12-17.

Makary, M. A., Holzmueller, C. G., Thompson, D. A., et al. (2006). Operating Room briefings: Working on the same page. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Safety 32(6), 351-5.

Makary, M. A., Sexton, J. B., Freischlag, J. A., et al. (2006). Operating room teamwork among physicians and nurses: Teamwork in the eye of the beholder. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 202(5), 746-52.

Mazzocco, K., Petitti, D., Fong, K., et al. (2009). Surgical team behaviors and patient outcomes. American Journal of Surgery 197(5), 678-85.

Meier, A. H., Boehler, M. L., et al. (2012). A surgical simulation curriculum for senior medical students based on TeamSTEPPS. Archives of Surgery 147(8), 761-6.

Mills, P., Neily, J., & Dunn, E. (2008). Teamwork and Communication in surgical teams: Implications for patient safety. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 206(I), 107-12.

Mishra, A., Catchpole, K., & McMulloch, P. (2009). The Oxford NOTECHS system: Reliability and validity of a tool for measuring teamwork behavior in the operating theatre. Quality and Safety in Health Care 18(2), 104-8.

Moorthy, K., Munz, Y., Adams, S., Pandey, V., & Darzi, A. (2005). A human factors analysis of technical and team skills among surgical trainees during procedural simulations in a simulated operating theatre. Annals of Surgery 242(5), 631-8.

Nundy, S., Mukherjee, A., Sexton, J., et al. (2008). Impact of preoperative briefings on operating room delays: a preliminary report. Archives of Surgery 143(11), 1068-72.

Paige, J. T., Garbee D. D., et al. (2013). Getting a head start: High-fidelity, simulation-based operating room team training of interprofessional students. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 218(1), 140-9.

Paull, D. E., Deleeuw, L. D., Wolk, S., Paige, J. T., Neily, J. & Mills, P. D. (2013). The effect of simulation-based crew resource management training on measurable teamwork and communication among interprofessional teams caring for postoperative patients. Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing 44(11), 516-24.

Powers, K., Rehrig, S., Irias, N., et al. (2008). Simulated laparoscopic operating room crisis: An approach to enhance the surgical team performance. Surgical Endoscopy 22(4), 885-90.

Sevdalis, N., Lyons, M., Healey, A., Undre, S., Darzi, A., & Vincent, C. (2009). Observational teamwork assessment for surgery: Construct validation with expert versus novice raters. Annals of Surgery 249(6), 1047-51.

Sexton, J., Makary, M., Tersigni, A., et al. (2006). Teamwork in the operating room: Frontline perspectives among hospitals and operating room personnel. Anesthesiology 105(5), 877-84.

Stahl, K., Palileo, A., Schulman, C., Wilson, K., Augenstein, J., Kiffin, C., et al. (2009). Enhancing patient safety in the trauma/surgical intensive care unit. Journal of Trauma 67, 430-5.

Timmel, J., Kent, P. S., Holzmueller, C. G., Paine, L. A., Schulick, R. D., & Pronovost, P. J. (2010). Impact of the comprehensive unit-based safety program (CUSP) on safety culture in a surgical inpatient unit. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety 36(6), 252-60.

Weaver, S., Rosen, M., DiazGranados, D., et al. (2010). Does teamwork improve performance in the operating room? A multilevel evaluation. Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety 35(8), 398-405.

Weld, L. R., et al. (2016). TeamSTEPPS improves operating room efficiency and patient safety. American Journal of Medical Quality 31(5), 408-14.