Fact Sheet: Medicaid DSH Program

Updated: May 2023

The Issue

The Medicaid Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) program provides essential financial assistance to hospitals that care for our nation’s most vulnerable populations — children, impoverished, disabled and elderly. These hospitals also provide critical community services, such as trauma and burn care, maternal and child health, high-risk neonatal care and disaster preparedness resources. Congress reduced Medicaid DSH payments in the Affordable Care Act (ACA), reasoning that hospitals would care for fewer uninsured patients as health coverage expanded. However, those coverage increases have not yet been fully realized. In addition, this year will be a difficult transition for the Medicaid program, as states institute processes to determine which current Medicaid beneficiaries should remain on the program when the maintenance of effort provisions related to the public health emergency expire.

The Medicaid DSH payment reductions are scheduled to be implemented on Oct. 1, 2023 when $8 billion in reductions take effect.

AHA Position

Congress should provide relief from the Medicaid DSH cuts in fiscal year (FY) 2024 given the vital need for the program. The AHA supports H.R. 2665, bipartisan legislation to delay the pending Medicaid DSH cuts for two years.


  • The Medicaid DSH program, since its inception in the early 1980s, provides vital financial support to hospitals that serve the nation’s most vulnerable populations. This includes lowincome patients, the uninsured and those with health care coverage that is insufficient to meet their health care needs.
  • Even with this critical supplemental funding, hospital costs for providing care to vulnerable populations are not fully met. Medicaid, on average, covers only 88 cents of every dollar spent treating Medicaid patients. Now is not the time for additional cuts to funding when hospitals are facing continued financial hardships while the country emerges from the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • The need for DSH payments continues. Tens of millions of Americans currently do not have health insurance, despite an increase of coverage in 2021. The Medicaid redetermination process will also lead to a loss of coverage for individuals who no longer qualify for the program and may not be able to afford health plans offered by their employers or on the health care exchanges.

Key Facts

The Medicaid DSH cut for FY 2024 is $8 billion and remains $8 billion for each of the next three FYs 2025-2027 ($32 billion total). The Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission in their “Annual Analysis of Medicaid Disproportionate Share Hospital Allotments to States” provides information on the DSH allotment reductions by state (Table 4A-2). The need for Medicaid DSH supplemental funding remains essential as hospitals cope with the impacts of financial instability while supporting their mission to treat all patients, regardless of ability to pay.