The COVID-19 Vaccine Communications Toolkit was developed as a guide through the steps involved in planning, designing and executing a vaccine communications plan and campaign.
The following information highlights the strategies and experiences of health care marketing and communications professionals and emerged from the December 2020 Society for Health Care Strategy & Market Development (SHSMD) Vaccine Distribution and Communications: A SHSMD Member Collaborative Workshop.
This information will be updated as new resources, tools and examples become available. If you'd like to submit resources for consideration, please email us here.
- Establishing guiding principles can help establish the overall tone and approach of the communication strategy.
- Many health care organizations are developing plans that focus on educating and serving as a trusted source for accurate information instead of pushing the vaccine.
UNC Health developed a set of core truths to help guide development of its COVID-19 Vaccine Hub:
- There is a crisis of consumers not trusting they will be safe.
- Success will require action, not just communication.
- Nuance is required to deliver both broad and more targeted story threads.
- Routine vaccines are at risk.
These core truths helped UNC Health refine its approach:
- Be educational, not coercive.
- Open minds and overcome skepticism.
- Provide the facts: national leaders and UNC Health’s own health care experts.
- Foster consistency and transparency about the vaccine, vaccination rates and the pandemic.
- Help leaders lead their teams.
Spectrum Health identified the principles that would underlie its COVID-19 vaccine communications strategy by asking: What do we need the communications to solve?
- Answer questions, build trust and provide clarity by providing timely, transparent and science-based information.
- Meet people where they are in terms of their perspectives about the vaccine. Be empathetic, not transactional or coercive.
- Motivate and inspire people to come together collectively to fight this pandemic.
- Reinforce the need for continuing preventative measures, testing and seeking out appropriate care when needed.
- Help people understand what is next through clear and consistent updates about the vaccine, distribution plans and the pandemic.
- Help internal leaders reinforce all key messages with their teams.
- Educate medical staff to have conversations with their patients.
- Key audiences include internal and external audiences as well as targeted and general audiences.
- Three audience categories should be considered:
- Internal: team members and medical staff
- Consumers: all consumers and targeted consumer groups
- Community: community leaders, partnering organizations, employers, schools and others
- Specific audiences can receive targeted messaging:
- Hospital employees, front-line caregivers, patients and family members
- Communities of color
- Communities with non-English-speaking individuals
- Audiences can also be segmented based on mindset:
- Ready and willing
- Neutral and information seeking
- Skeptical, but open minded
Spectrum Health organized its messaging goals around three audiences:
- Adopters: “Yes, I will take the vaccine right away.”
- Skeptics: “No, I’ll will wait and see.”
- General: “I am not sure. I need more information.”
UT Southwestern Medical Center developed a vaccine Frequently Asked Questions page in Spanish (Preguntas Frecuentes sobre la Vacuna Contra el COVID).
- Messaging framework will vary depending on communications goals, audiences and resources. Remember that there is no one way to do this.
- The frameworks should be flexible to allow for pivoting as new vaccine developments and distribution plans emerge.
UNC Health used a messaging framework based on educating audiences about the vaccine with more specific targeted messaging organized around three pillars (Prepare Our People, Prepare Our Community, Provide the Best Experience) and audiences (Ready & Willing, Unsure & Needs More Information, Skeptical & Critical).
Spectrum Health designed messaging goals and key messages around three pillars: Help, Inform, Inspire.
- Transparency is crucial — what we know about the vaccine as well as what we do not know.
- Empathy and understanding are critical when crafting vaccine-related outreach. The circumstances around development and distribution of the vaccine mean it is as much an emotional journey as an objective, cerebral one.
- Polls — both internal and external — can be used to gauge interest in vaccinations as well as concerns and help with the crafting of appropriate audience messages.
- Fact-based and educational information can help combat the anti-vaccine content and general skepticism.
UNC Health developed a communications strategy that uses “This Is Your Shot” as the common thread through the messaging, microsite content (“This Is Your Shot to Rest Assured,” “This Is Your Shot to Understand”) and a manifesto. Executive leaders also signed a pledge to receive the vaccine when available.
TidalHealth created a series of “I’m being vaccinated because...” posters featuring clinicians.
The Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center is providing information and updates about local and state vaccine distribution plans from the Texas Department of State Health Services. In addition to details about the Texas COVID-19 Vaccination Plan, the site provides contact information for campus contacts in groups across the system.
Another health care organization’s “The Why” campaign asked team members to discuss why they received the vaccine. These responses were used on posters and in videos.
A health care organization is putting together packets for the media that include still photographs of caregivers receiving the vaccine. The goal is to “record history” and document these milestone events.
- A multi-channel approach is important, especially when the public starts to receive vaccinations.
- Social media platforms (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, YouTube), videos and podcasts are effective ways to distribute vaccination information widely and quickly both internally and externally.
- Live sessions and community town hall events can connect leadership, clinicians and experts to a wide audience.
- Microsites are a useful medium for providing up-to-the-minute information.
- Other lower-tech communications channels can also be good ways to reach audiences (e.g., walking rounds and face-to-face talks with staff, printed materials).
- Internal and external messengers and influencers are essential in delivering vaccine information.
The UNC Health COVID-19 Vaccine Town Hall was a virtual event featuring clinicians, researchers and educators from UNC Health and the UNC School of Medicine.
UNC Health also used YouTube to distribute a video of the first COVID-19 vaccinations administered at its facilities.
As part of its COVID-19 Vaccination Communication Toolkit, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is offering printable posters and stickers, slide presentations, social media sample messages (Facebook, Instagram, Twitter) and a video about COVID-19 vaccine recommendations.
Spectrum Health organized a Diverse Communities Vaccine Advisory Council early on to inform its efforts to reach communities of color. The council comprises providers from across the system, including direct-care clinicians who will be critical in delivering vaccination messages in their communities.
- Tracking key performance indicators (KPIs) will indicate which strategies are effective, how a communications plan might pivot, and what future communications and outreach activities should be priorities.
- KPIs can include the following:
- Vaccination rates among team members, health care providers/medical staff, independent medical staff, patients/community members and community influencers
- Employee participation in and engagement with education efforts
- Engagement metrics (e.g., page views)
- Glint and other employee surveys
- Brand tracker measurement
CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION:
- COVID-19 Vaccination Communication Toolkit
- COVID-19 Vaccination Information for You and Your Family
- COVID-19 Vaccination Information for Healthcare Professionals
AMERICAN HOSPITAL ASSOCIATION: