Teams in Health Care

AHA Team Training Research and Evidence Base

This is a list of resources for teams in health care. Return to the main list to explore other topic areas.


Baker, D. P., Salas, E., & Barach, P. (2003). Medical teamwork and patient safety: The evidence-based relation. Final Report 2003. Washington, DC: Center for Quality Improvement and Patient Safety and AHRQ and The Department of Defense.

Baker, D. P., Salas, E., Barach, P., Battles, J., & Kin, H. (2007). The relation between teamwork and patient safety. In P. Carayon (Ed.), Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics in Health Care and Patient Safety (pp. 259-271). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Bisbey, T.M., Reyes, D.L., Taylor, A.M., & Salas, E. (2019). Teams of psychologists helping teams: The evolution of the science of team training. American Psychologist 74(3), 279-289.

Burke, C. S., Stagl, K. C., Klien, C., Goodwin, G. F., Salas, E., & Halpin, S. M. (2006). What type of leadership behaviors are functional in teams? A meta-analysis. Leadership Quarterly 17, 288-307.

Burke, C. S., Stagl, K. C., Salas, E., Pierce, L., & Kendall, D. (2006). Understanding team adaption: A conceptual analysis and model. Journal of Applied Psychology 91(6), 1189-1207.

Harris, K, Treanor, C., & Salisbury, M. (2006). Improving patient safety with team coordination: Challenges and strategies of implementation. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing 35(4), 557-66.

Heslin, M.J., Singletary, B.A., Benos, K.C., Lee, L.R., Fry, C. & Lindeman, B. (2019). Is disruptive behavior inherent to the surgeon or the environment? Analysis of 314 events at a single academic medical center. Annals of Surgery 270(3), 463-472.

Jeffcott, S. A., & MacKenzie, C. F. (2008). Measuring team performance in healthcare: Review of research and implications for patient safety. Journal of Critical Care 23(2), 188-96.

Johnson, H. L. & Kimsey, D. (2012). Patient safety: Break the silence. AORN Journal 95(5), 591-601.

Lerner, S., Magrane, D., & Friedman, E. (2009). Teaching teamwork in medical education. The Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, New York 76(4), 318-329.

Mager, D. R. & Lange, J. (2013). Teambuilding across healthcare professions: The ELDER project. Applied Nurse Research 27(2), 141-3.

Maxfield, D., Grenny, J., McMillan, R., et al. (2005). Silence Kills; The seven crucial conversations for healthcare. Nursing 35(4), 33.

Morey, J. C., & Salisbury, M. (2002). Introducing teamwork training into healthcare organizations: Implementation issues and solutions. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 46th Annual Meeting (pp. 2069-73). Santa Monica, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.

Morrison, G., Goldfarb, S., & Lanken, P. N. (2009). Team training of medical students in the 21st century: Would Flexner approve? Academic Medicine 85(2), 254-9.

O’Connell, M. T. & Pascoe, J. M. (2004). Undergraduate medical education for the 21st century: Leadership and teamwork. Family Medicine 36(Suppl), S51-6.

Pronovost, P., Berenholtz, S., Dorman, T., Lipsett, P. A., Simmonds, T., Haraden, C. (2003). Improving communication in the ICU using daily goals. Journal of Critical Care 18(2), 71-5.

Reiss-Brennan, B., Brunisholz, K.D., Dredge, C., Briot, P., Grazier, K., Wilcox, A., Savitz, L., & James, B. (2016). Association of integrated team-based care with health care quality, utilization, and cost. JAMA 316(8): 826-834. 

Salas, E. & Frush, K. (Eds.). (2012). Improving patient safety through teamwork and team training. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Salas, E., Lazzara, E. H., Benishek, L. E. & King, H. (2013). On being a team player: Evidence-based heuristic for teamwork in interprofessional education. The Journal of the International Association of Medical Science Educators 23(3S), 524-531.

Salas, E., Almeida, S., Salisbury, M., et al. (2009). What are the critical success factors for implementing team training in health care? Joint Commission Journal on Quality & Patient Safety 35(8), 398-405.

Shea-Lewis A. (2009). Teamwork: crew resource management in a community hospital. Journal of Healthcare Quality 31(5), 14-18.

Sheppard, F., Williams, M. & Klein V. R. (2013). TeamSTEPPS and patient safety in healthcare. Journal of Healthcare Risk Management 32(3), 5-10.

Shortell, S. M., Marsteller, J. A., Lin, M., et al. (2004). The role of perceived team effectiveness in improving chronic illness care. Medical Care 42(11), 1040-48.

Sonesh, S. C., et al. (2015). Team training in obstetrics: A multi-level evaluation. Families, Systems, & Health 33(3), 250-261.

Strasser, D. C., Smits, S. J., Falconer, J. A., Herrin, J. S., & Bowen, S. E. (2002). The influence of hospital culture on rehabilitation team functioning in VA hospitals. Journals of Rehabilitation Research and Development 39(1), 115-25.

Weaver, S. J., Lyons, R., et al. (2010). The anatomy of health care team training and the state of practice: A critical review. Academy Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges 85(11), 1746-60.

Wilson, K. A., Burke, C. S., Priest, H. A., & Salas, E. (2005). Promoting health care safety through tracking high reliability teams. Quality and Safety in Health Care 14(4), 303-9.